Dark Fiber Market

Dark Fiber Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report

Dark Fiber Market Size, Share, And Trends Analysis Report By Type (Single-Mode Fiber, Multimode Fiber), Based On Network Type (Metro, Long Haul), Based On Material (Glass, Plastic), By Application Area (BFSI, Healthcare And Life Sciences, Telecommunications And ITES, Government And Public Sector, Manufacturing, Consumer Goods And Retail, Media And Entertainment, Others) Based On Region, And Segment Forecasts, 2022 - 2028

Report ID : BMRC 1604
Number of pages : 300
Published Date : Nov 2022
Category : Semiconductor
Delivery Timeline : 48 hrs

Global Dark Fiber Market is valued at USD 9,779.6 Million in 2020 and is expected to reach USD 20,011.0 Million in 2027 with a CAGR of 9.49% over the forecast period.

Global Dark Fiber Market: Global Size, Trends, Competitive, Historical & Forecast Analysis, 2021-2027: Increasing inclination towards enhanced communication and mobile data, network management and growing penetration of internet services, and rising demand for the 5G network are some of the major factors driving the growth of the Global Dark Fiber Market. 

Scope of Global Dark Fiber Market Report

The dark fiber is an idle optical fiber that is used in network and telecom communications. It is also known as unlit fiber or black fiber. It is called dark because no light pulsation is being transmitted through it. There is a number of ways to assemble a dark fiber network.

The point-to-point or point-to-multipoint configurations are the main general ways to set up whereas dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) is a significant factor in the development and improvement of dark fiber. The dark fiber network provides scalability, enhanced security, compact network latency, and consistency.

There are mainly two types of dark fibers which are; single-mode fiber and multimode fiber. These fibers are predominately used in telecommunication, IT and ITES. Moreover, Dark Fiber Networks also find extensive applications in the automotive, healthcare, and aerospace sectors banking, insurance, financial services industries, healthcare and restaurants world that never stops. Dark fiber networks are point-to-point and self-healing ring. Because both ends of the link are controlled by a similar association, dark fibre networks can operate using the latest optical protocols using wavelength division multiplexing to add capacity where needed, and to offer an upgrade path between technologies.

The first dark fiber was installed in the U.S. during the telecom boom of the late 1990s and early 2000s.

COVID-19 pandemic has affected the dark fiber industry in the second and third quarters of 2020, mainly due to slow down in various end-user verticals. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the installation of dark fibers as construction work across the world was temporarily shut down to curb the spread of the infection and the demand was also decreased. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the global telecom industry apparently faced major delays in the initiation of the fifth-generation mobile service. However, only 33% of IT budgets shrunk, and most budgets aligned spending on mobile access and security enhancements.

Moreover, these lockdowns have also impacted the per capita income of individuals across the world. The low disposable income has resulted in reduced purchasing power of the masses, thereby resulting in a decline in the growth for the whole market. However, the outbreak of COVID-19 has basically affected players working in the dark fiber value chain. The growing deployment of 5G network in the ISPs and telecom industry is one of the key components energizing the development of the dark fiber market.

Dark Fiber Companies :

Key players operating in the global dark fiber market analysis include

  • Comcast Corporation
  • Verizon Communications Inc.
  • Level 3 Communications Inc.
  • NTT Communications
  • Zayo Group
  • Windstream Services LLC.
  • AT&T Inc.
  • Colt Group SA
  • GTT Communications
  •  others.

Global Dark Fiber Market Segmentation:

The global dark Fiber Market is segmented into type, network type, material, end-users and regional & country level. Based on type, the global dark fiber market is divided into a single-mode fiber, multimode fiber and others. Based on network type, the market is divided into metro and long haul. Based on material, the global dark fiber market is divided into glass and plastic. Based on end-users, the market is divided into BFSI, manufacturing, healthcare & life sciences, IT & telecommunications, consumer goods & retail, government & public sector, media & entertainment and others.

Based on Type:

  • Single Mode Fiber
  • Multimode Fiber

Based on Network Type:

  • Metro
  • Long Haul

Based on Material:

  • Glass
  • Plastic 

By Application Area:

  • BFSI
  • Healthcare and Life Sciences
  • Telecommunications and ITES
  • Government and Public Sector
  • Manufacturing
  • Consumer Goods and Retail 
  • Media and Entertainment
  • Others

News: Telstra's InfraCo Launched Dark Fibre Offering

February 24th, 2021; Telstra’s new infrastructure unit InfraCo has launched a dark fibre offering across the major capitals through 250 routes. The offering is specifically targeted to network operators and service providers, such as global carriers, data centre operators, internet service providers and over the top providers.

Rising Demand for Enhanced Communication and Mobile Data, Network Management, Growing Penetration of Internet Services and Rising Demand for the 5G Network are Major Factors Driving the Market Growth

Rising demand for enhanced communication and mobile data is one of the major factors expected to drive the growth the global the dark fiber. Dark fibers help telecom organizations enlarge their existing networks by reaching additional users and transferring more data to offer superior speed and capacity.  For instance; in 2017, Verizon Communications Inc. acquired XO Communications, LLC, and acquisition helped Verizon to strengthen its dark fiber backhaul and allowed it to lease XO Communications, LLC’s Local Multipoint Distribution Service (LMDS) wireless spectrum with a choice to procure them in the future. In addition, demand for internet bandwidth is increased with growing penetration of internet services.

Dark fiber network has emerged as a sustainable solution for them offering network management. Furthermore, amplified demand for the 5G network and cloud-based offerings is also supplementing the demand for dark fibers. As per the Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson Company, there would be 190 million 5G subscriptions by the end of 2020 and 2.8 billion by 2025. Despite the unpredicted events of 2020, 5G deployment and adoption kept rising.

Also, the 5G ecosystem is broadening due to the pace of the 5G introduction has accelerated for the duration of 2020 with numerous network developments and devices. 5G adoption is increasing in momentum in both the network and device domains, with more than 150 5G devices launched commercially in 2020.  

However, the high cost of dark fiber network installation, the problem of breaches & interception, and the need for frequent upgrades may hamper the market growth. In spite of that, the rising popularity of video-on-demand services, growing handheld device user audience, and norms for cable operators regarding mandatory conversion to HD video quality may offer more opportunities for the further growth of the global dark fiber market.

North America is Anticipated to Dominate the Global Dark Fiber Market

North America is expected to dominate the dark fiber due to the high demand for fiber networks in ISPs & the telecommunications industry and presence of key players in this region. North America has the highest usage of dark fiber because of the large enterprises, better technical expertise, and the implementation of the latest technologies. U.S and Canada have established economies, which empower them to strongly invest in R&D activities. Rapid digitalization across industry verticals, increasing adoption of smart connected devices, and technological advancements have further fuelled the growth of dark fiber in this region.

Also, the presence of dark fiber provider companies, such as AT&T Intellectual Property, GTT Communications, Inc., and Consolidated Communications, aids the market growth in this region. For instance; in October 2020, AT&T Intellectual Property one of major players from U.S introduced three pricing tiers for AT&T Fiber customers.

Asia Pacific is expected to witness significant growth opportunities during the forecast period because of high penetration of the technology in the manufacturing sector, increasing SMEs & large enterprises in this region and advancements and large-scale adoption of the technology in the IT and telecommunication and administrative sector. According to World Bank organization, in the Asia-Pacific region SMEs comprises more than 98% of the number of enterprises. SMEs contribute about 17% to national GDP in the developing countries including India to about 40 to 50% in the developed countries like Malaysia and Singapore. In addition, the growing application of fiber networks in the health sector is catapulting development across countries, such as China, Japan, and India, thus propelling the overall demand at a significant pace.

On Special Requirement dark fiber market Report is also available for below Regions and Country:

North America

  • U.S.
  • Canada


  • Germany
  • France
  • U.K.
  • Italy
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Netherland
  • Turkey
  • Switzerland
  • Belgium
  • Rest of Europe


  • South Korea
  • Japan
  • China
  • India
  • Australia
  • Philippines
  • Singapore
  • Malaysia
  • Thailand
  • Indonesia
  • Rest Of APAC

Latin America

  • Mexico
  • Colombia
  • Brazil
  • Argentina
  • Peru
  • Rest of South America

Middle East and Africa

  • Saudi Arabia
  • UAE
  • Egypt
  • South Africa
  • Rest Of MEA
Report Analysis Details
Historical data 2015 - 2020
Forecast Period 2021 - 2027
Market Size in 2020: USD 9,779.6 Million
Base year considered 2020
Forecast Period CAGR %:


Market Size Expected in 2027: USD 20,011.0 Million
Tables, Charts & Figures: 175
Pages 190
dark fiber companies Comcast Corporation, Verizon Communications Inc., Level 3 Communications Inc., NTT Communications, Zayo Group, Windstream Services LLC., AT&T Inc., Colt Group SA, and GTT Communications, and others.
Segments Covered By Type, By Network Type, Based on Material, By Application Area
Regional Analysis North America, U.S., Canada, , Europe, Germany, France, U.K., Italy, Spain, Sweden, Netherland, Turkey, Switzerland, Belgium, Rest of Europe, Asia-Pacific, South Korea, Japan, China, India, Australia, Philippines, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, Rest Of APAC, Latin America, Mexico, Colombia, Brazil, Argentina, Peru, Rest of South America, Middle East and Africa, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, South Africa, Rest Of MEA

A dark fiber network is basically unused fiber optic cables with no service or traffic running on it. One of the immense advantages of dark fiber is it enables businesses to gain control of their IT estate and importantly, allows them to manage capacity and to scale as needed as a fibre is limitless. It also enables the potential for DWDM i.e. Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing, which effectively differences the fibre into individual wavelengths across the spectrum enabling greater capacity to be achieved and it can be good for businesses with large data requirements like manufacturing, media and banks.

Dark fiber offers a better level of security and resilience as businesses will not share the connection with anyone else it means it is good for those that deal with sensitive information & those who require real-time information such as retail, financial services or healthcare. The trends like edge, cloud computing, 5G networks, satellite Internet and Internet of Things (IoT) are exponentially increasing enterprise connectivity requirements like dark fiber. Also the interconnection between data centers, headquarters, office campuses and even cell towers have become extremely important. Thus, because of these trends, enterprise customers are now considering dark fiber service when comparing commercial Internet service offerings.

Some of the Major Trends of the Global Dark Fiber Market areas:

a) Single-Mode Dark Fiber:-

The term for a data communication cable to which no activating equipment has been connected as yet is nothing but the dark fiber, i.e. a lightless fibre optic cable. In which the single-mode fiber allows for higher capacity to transmit information. It can maintain the fidelity of each light pulse over longer distances and it exhibits no dispersion caused by multiple modes. Single-mode dark fiber also enjoys lower fiber attenuation than multi-mode fiber. As such, more information can be transmitted per unit of time. Early single-mode fiber was generally characterized as step-index fiber i.e. the refractive index of the fiber core is a step above that of the cladding rather than graduated as it is in graded-index fiber. Modern single-mode fibers have evolved into more complex designs, such as matched clad, depressed clad, and other exotic structures. Common types of single-mode fiber deployed in dark fiber networks include SMF 28 and LEAF fiber. Single-mode fiber is commonly used for longer distance applications given its lower attenuation characteristics.

Multimode Dark Fiber:-

The first to be manufactured and commercialized is the multimode fiber which refers to fiber in which numerous modes or light rays are carried simultaneously through the waveguide. This mode result from the fact that light will only propagate in the fiber core at discrete angles within the cone of acceptance. As compared to single mode fiber, this fiber type has a much larger core diameter for allowing for the larger number of modes and multimode fiber is easier to splice than single-mode optical fiber. This multimode fiber is commonly used for intra-building connections and short distance applications. The inexpensive electronics used to terminate the fiber is the key benefit of multimode fiber. Multimode fiber can also be categorized as step-index or graded-index fiber.

Metro Dark Fiber:-

Metro Fiber is dark fiber that can be lit directly from the user switch or router equipment. It can be used for all types of traffic including fibrechannel, standard Ethernet (dot1.q VLAN ethernet trunks, MPLS) and SDH. It can also be split into multiple wavelengths (colors) using CWDM or DWDM technology, to combine multiple connections over one link. Fiber links can carry huge amounts of data with multiple connections, but reliable support and backup routes or services are crucial to guarantee availability. This Metro fiber gives dedicated, self-managed high bandwidth connections between locations. It provides a secure and scalable solution with virtually unlimited bandwidth which user can manage through network equipment. It also gives complete control so user light and manage the fiber with their own equipment, maintaining direct operational control of routes. It has scalable bandwidth, Total operational control and Range of redundancy options. It supports its own network build and extension & cost-effective mobile site connectivity, as well as the delivery of bespoke WAN solutions, smart city/public services and more.

Long Haul Dark Fiber:-

Long haul dark fiber network provides customers with dedicated, secure and virtually unlimited bandwidth, which they can ‘light up’ as they grow and scale. It has network diversity to design a long haul network which is geographically diverse from other routes that user currently use, or provide a clear secondary diverse path. It has extensive reach for giving the maximum possible choice of locations and customization to business as they can manage the dispersion in legacy, lower bit rate systems that accumulate as light signals travel over long distances, as well as the nonlinear penalties that can limit performance for existing systems. Many companies are facing accelerating bandwidth requirements, so they must eliminate the distance between highly distributed locations and improve the availability of their networks, all while consuming more and more bandwidth as cost-efficiently as possible. All it is possible with long haul dark fiber.

Some of The Major Trending Applications of Dark Fiber:

  • Telecommunications and ITE:-

These fibers are predominately used in telecommunication, IT and ITES. It is an idle optical fiber that is used in network and telecom communications. It is also known as unlit fiber or black fiber. As there is no light pulsation is being transmitted through it so it is called as dark. The growth of this segment can be attributed to the ongoing adoption of cloud storage and increasing technological developments in the field of machine learning, artificial intelligence, and deep learning. This, in turn, increases data traffic across networks, leading to significant demand for high data transmission along with efficient data communication. Leading cloud service providers, such as Google, Amazon, and Microsoft, are implementing dark fibers to serve their internet traffic.

  • Government and Public Sector :-

The speed, stability, flexibility and security of fiber optics are the major factors that will keep governments and economies moving forward. Thus, the dark fiber stands out as a strong play for governments and public sectors which are looking to handle large amounts of data with high speed, resilience and high levels of security. It is one of the most efficient ways to move large amounts of data and this is because it enables government departments to appropriate individual strands of fiber for their exclusive use, it is also extremely secure. This dark fiber also gives users high levels of control in terms of the equipment used and protocols selected. Also enhances the safety of the traffic to be passed along the network. Dark fiber enables government bodies to share information directly from point to point, as opposed to sharing information via internet providers where it may hit multiple locations before reaching its endpoint. If one is using a traditional internet provider, dark fiber can provide an excellent layer of redundancy, thereby supporting continuity of services by the government during times of crisis. It has ability to provide more cost-effective services to vital government services including first responders, ability for connecting schools, recreational facilities and other governmental facilities with future-proof networks that can accommodate evolving needs and also it has Municipal broadband options i.e. government bodies that invest in fiber optic infrastructure within their areas of jurisdiction can lease municipal fiber to private sector providers.

  • BFSI:-

The ever-expanding world of technology in banking comes in lock-step, the invention, application, and intensification of associated terms to go along with it. Thus many Banks, Financial Services and Insurance (BFSI) institutions are adopting dark fiber technology. For some financial institutions, a private dark fiber network provides the control and security they require for data center connectivity. As BFSI institutions, are always looking to improve and make Business Continuity (BC) and Disaster Recovery (DR) as reliable and painless as possible. In today’s cloud-based world, this translates to multiple off-site Data Centers (DCs), each with multiple data rate interfaces and high-speed links to communicate between regional and remote offices. For some enterprises, it makes sense to have complete control of their network infrastructure, with near-zero response times and never having to deal with service delays or interruptions. Usually, this means using dark fiber.

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